1631-60 FOUNDING OF CONNECTICUT. In the fall of 1632 Edward Winslow of Plymouth explored the Connecticut Valley probably as far north as Windsor. In support of their claim to the region the Dutch at New Amsterdam sent a ship up the Connecticut River (June 1633) and erected a small fort and trading post (Fort Good Hope, later Hartford). Although Winslow and Bradford sought unsuccessfully to organize a joint Plymouth-Massachusetts expedition to the Connecticut River (July), John Oldham of the Bay Colony tood a small party overland (Sept.) And spent the winter (1634-35) AT Pyquag (Wethersfield). Also in Sept. Lt. William Holmes, commissioned by Winslow, set up a trading post at Windsor above Hartford. Restlessness in Massachusetts seacoast towns where pasture lands were already proving inadequate caused a group from Dorchester (with perhaps a few from Newtown and Watertown) to settle in Winssor in defiance of Plymouth's claims (spring 1635) and a group from Newtown (Oct.) to settle around Hartford. Meantime, on 7 July a group headed by Lord Saye and Sele, who claimed rights settle the region on the basis of a patent from the Council for New England assigned by the Earl of Warwick (1631), authorized John Winthrop the Younger (1606-76), son of the Bay Colony's Governor, to take control at the mouth of the Connecticut River. The settlers accepted Winthrop as Governor (before Mar. 1636) and the Massachusetts General Court laid down a plan of government (13 Mar.) And placed final authority in the hands of the "inhabitants." After the arrival (Oct. 1635) of Rev. Thomas Shepard, who settled his followers at Newtown, Rev. Thomas Hooker departed with the remainder of his Newtown followers, and Hooker's democratic views were reflected in a sermon (31 May 1638), in which he declared that authority should rest upon the free consent of the "people." His views, as well as those of his associates, Hohn Haynes and Roger Ludlow (founded Fairfield and Stratford, 1638), were reflected in the Fundamental Orders (24 Jan. 1639), a frame of government adopted by Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield, (Springfield under William Pynchon refused to join, and by 1649 deputies form that town sat regularly in the Massachusetts General Court.) The Governor, who was to be of an approved congregation, and the magistrates were to be elected "by vote of the country.; by this was meant the freemen, who were "admitted inhabitants" who had been selected for freemanship either by the General Court or by one or more of the magistrates. Voting in town affairs was open to "admitted inhabitants," ie. Trinitarian male householders (after 1657 possessor of 30 estate). In operation the franchise was as restricted as that of the Bay Colony. By 1662 (before the absorption of New Haven) 15 towns had been settled. (The Encyclopedia of American History Edited by Richard B. Morris, professor of history, Columbia University, Harper and Brothers, New York, 1953, p. 34)