1637-43 FOUNDING OF NEW HAVEN. Rev. John Davenport (1597-1670), a friend of John Cotton, said from England (Apr. 1636) with a group of follwers, notably Theophilus Eaton (c.1590-1658), a London merchant and, after stopping at Boston (26 June), established Ouinnipiac (New Haven) as a colony and a trading post. Land was purchased from the Indians, a town laid out on a modified grid pattern, and a government established which restricted the franchise to church members. In 1641 Stamford was founded and in 1643 the independent settlements of Guildford (6 July) and Milford (23 Oct.) joined New Haven colony. A General Court, comprising two deputies from each of the four towns, adopted (6 Nov.) A Frame of Government, established the Mosiac law as the basis of its legal system, and made no provision for trial by jury. (The Encyclopedia of American History Edited by Richard B. Morris, professor of history, Columbia University, Harper and Brothers, New York, 1953,p. 35)