Petition of Right, June 7, 1628

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty:

I. Whereas, it is declared and enacted by a statute made in the time and reign of King Edward the First... that no tallage or aid should be laid of levied by the king or his heirs in this realm without the good will and assent of the archbishops, bishops, earls, barons, knights, burgesses, and ... the freemen of the commonalty of this realm; and by authority of the Parliament... [in] the reign of King Edward III it is declared and enacted that from thenceforth no person... [shall] be compelled to make any loans to the king against his will,

II Yet, nonetheless... your people have been... required to lend certain sums of money to your Majesty; ...

III. And Whereas also, By the statute called the Great Charter of Liberties of England, it is declared and enacted that no freeman may be taken and imprisoned, ... or be outlawed or exiled or in any manner destroyed, but by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.

IV. And in... the reign of King Edward III it was declared and enacted by authority of Parliament that no man ... should be put out of his land .... nor imprisoned, nor disinherited, nor put to death, without being brought to answer by due process of law.

V. Nevertheless... divers of your subject have of late been imprisoned without any cause showed;

VI. And Whereas ... great companies of soldiers and mariners have been dispersed into divers counties of the realm, and the inhabitants against their wills have been compelled to receive them into their houses ...

VII. And Whereas Also, it is declared and enacted that no man should be fore judged of life and limb against the form of the Great Charter and the law of the land;... nevertheless of late divers commissions ... have issued forth, by which certain persons have been assigned appointed commissioners, with power and authority to proceed within the land according to the justice of martial law.

VIII. By pretext whereof some of your Majesty's subjects have been by some of the said commissioners put to death...

IX. Upon pretense that the said offenders were punishable only by martial law... which commissions ... are wholly and directly contrary to the said laws and statutes of this your realm:

X. They do therefore humbly pray you most excellent Majesty that no man hereafter be compelled to make or yield any gift, loan, benevolence, tax, or such like charge without the consent by act of Parliament; and that none be called to make answer, or take such oath, or give attendance, or be confined, or otherwise molested ... concerning the same , or for refusal thereof; and that no freeman ... be imprisoned or detained; and that your Majesty would be pleased to remove the said soldiers and mariners; and that your people may not be burdened in time to come; and that the aforesaid commissions for proceeding by martial law may be revoked and annulled; and that hereafter no commissions of like nature may issue forth...

XI. ... and that your Majesty would be also graciously pleased, for the further comfort and safety of your people, to declare your royal will and pleasure that in the things aforesaid all you officers and ministers shall serve you according to the laws and statutes of this realm, as they tender the honor of you Majesty and the prosperity of this kingdom.